Duties of Authors

Reporting Standards

Authors of papers of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Data Access and Retention

Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.

Originality and Plagiarism

The Author should that they have written entirely original study paper, and if the Author have used the paper and/or words of others that it has been appropriately cited or quoted (this applies especially to review papers acceptable in our journal).

Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication

The Author should not in publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.

Acknowledgement of Sources

Proper acknowledgment of the paper of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported paper.

Authorship of the Paper

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the presented study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

All Authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript (statement: doc, pdf). All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed in statement (doc, pdf).

Fundamental Errors in Published Papers

When an Author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal Editor-In-Chief or publisher and cooperate with the Editor to retract or correct the paper.

Prevention of an Unethical Practices in Science Including “ghostwriting” and “guestauthorship”

The editors wish to make sure that readers can be certain that authors are presenting their research results in a manner that is transparent and ethical. This is especially true of co-authored papers. We pay particular attention to information on entities responsible for the publication. This includes both scientific and financial input. Practices such as ghostwriting and guest authorship are considered unethical. The ghostwriting is defined as the practice where someone contributes substantially to the creation of a paper but is not listed as one of the Authors or not mentioned in the acknowledgments section. Guest authorship or honorary authorship is defined as the practice where someone does not meaningfully contribute to a paper or does not contribute at all but remains listed as the main author or co-author of the publication.

In light of the above, Authors wishing to publish are required to follow this procedure:

1. Must reveal the amount of input from each co-author (list affiliation and describe contribution– who authored the main idea, key assumptions, key methods, etc.). Please note that the corresponding author bears most of the responsibility. Statement 1:  

2. Must reveal sources of financing, contribution from research institutions and associations (financial disclosure) as well as other entities. Statement 2:  

3. If ghostwriting, guestauthorship or other types of unethical behaviour (violations of commonly accepted ethics rules in science) are detected, the authors employers will be notified.