Weed communities of Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) cultivation





energy crops, invasive species, renewable energy, topinambour, weeds


Jerusalem artichoke could be used as a source of renewable energy in the meaning of biomass combustion or liquid fuels production. The presented study concerned on the impact of JA plantation for biomass combustion on plant diversity. The spontaneous vegetation of JA crops studied on the basis of phytosociological methods consisted of varied groups of species that contain weeds (32%), meadow (29%), and ruderal (13%) species. Most of the species occurred sporadically (55%) with low frequency. Most of the plants accompanying JA cultivation were perennial, mainly hemicryptophytes (51%) with a smaller number of geophytes (17%). Therophytes constituted 25% of spontaneous flora of JA crops. It can be proposed the group of generalist energy crop weeds with Convolvulus arvensis, Elymus repens, Equisetum arvense, Ranunculus repens, and Rumex obtusifolius.


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Author Biographies

Alina Stachurska-Swakoń, Institute of Botany, Jagiellonian Univeristy

Department of Plant Ecology

She is interested in the vegetation ecology, particularly in the mechanisms of plant communities changes and flora under natural and anthropogenic influence, plant ecology, and plant protection.

Rita Rakowska, Institute of Botany, Jagiellonian University

Department of Plant Ecology

She is interested in beaver influence on vegetation, IAS, nature management and conservation.

Sabina Klich, Institute of Botany, jagiellonian University

Department of Plant Ecology,

She is interested in the development of water and marsh vegetation within dam reservoirs, plant ecology, invasive species, vegetation in protected areas and habitats protection.


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How to Cite

Stachurska-Swakoń, A., Rakowska, R., & Klich, S. (2022). Weed communities of Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) cultivation. Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Naturae, 7, 23–39. https://doi.org/10.24917/25438832.7.2



Botany and Algology, Mycology